The 14 Orginal Silsila’s

Asalamu Alaykum

Silsila Zaidia:

 It is named after Khaja Zaid bin Abdul Wahid Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, the Khalipha of Hazrat Hasan Rahmatullahi ‘alayh  of Basra. Shaikh Zaid Rahmatullahi ‘alayh received another robe (khirqa) of khalafat from Shaikh Kumal bin Ziyad Rahmatullahi ‘alayh  as well. Five of the descendants of Hazrat Abdullah bin Auf Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, famous companion of Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, also joined this Sisila.

Towards the end of his life, Shaikh Zaid bin Abdul Wahid Rahmatullahi ‘alayh selected two of his promonent disciples and commissioned them as his deputies (Khalifas) to guide others. They were Shaikh Fuzail Ibn Ayaz Rahmatullahi ‘alayh and Shaikh Yaqub as-Susi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh.

Silsila Ayaziya:

This is named after Shaikh Fuzail Ibn Ayaz Rahmatullahi ‘alayh. He received spiritual guidance from other Mashaikh of the day as well, such as the members of the Blessed Family of Rasool Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, the Aima Ahl Bait Al Athar, He was also guided by the Companions of the Companions of Rasool Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam known as the Tabiyin Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, who were living in the more prominent places of Arabia in large numbers and guiding the people in the esoteric sciences of Islam.

Silsila Adhmiya:

This Silsila is named after its head, Shaikh Ibrahim bin Adham Rahmatullahi ‘alayh who received spiritual guidance and khalafat at the hands of Shaikh Fuzail Ibn Ayaz Rahmatullahi ‘alayh and Sayyidinah Imam Baqir Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, grandson of Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hussein Alahis Salam, grandson of Rasool Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, on his Blessed Daughter’s side. This Silsila connects up with Sayyidinah Hazrat Ali Alayhis Salam, via Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hussein Alayhis Salam as well as Shaikh Hasan Rahmatullahi ‘alayh of Basra.

Silsila Hubairiya:

It is named after Khwaja Abu Hubaira Aminuddin Rahmatullahi ‘alayh  of Basra, who was a Khalifa of Khwaja Huzaifa Marashi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, the Khalifa of Hazrat Ibrahim bin Adham Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, Khalifa of Shaikh Fuzail Ibn Ayaz Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, Khalifa of Shaikh Abdul Wahid bin Zaid Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, Khalifa of Shaikh Imam Hasan Rahmatullahi ‘alayh of Basra.

Silsila Chishtiya:

The head of this Silsila is Khwaja Mamshad Ali Dainuri  Rahmatullahi ‘alayh who was the Khalifa of Khwaja Abu Hubaira Aminuddin Basri Rahmatullahi ‘alayh. Khwaja Mamshad Ali Dainuri Rahmatullahi ‘alayh was succeeded by Khwaja Abu Ishaq Shami Rahmatullahi ‘alayh who was deputed by the Shaikh to settle down at a place called Chist in the neighbourhood of Herat in Afganistan. Shaikh Abu Ishaq Shami Rahmatullahi ‘alayh  was the first Shaikh who was called Abu Ishaq Chisti Rahmatullahi ‘alayh. It is thus that a great Silsila Chishtiya came into existence. He was succeeded by Khwaja Abu Ahmad Abdal Rahmatullahi ‘alayh who was a dignitary of Chist. Khwaja Abu Ahmad Rahmatullahi ‘alayh was succeeded by Khwaja Abu Muhammad Chishti Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, who was succeeded by Khwaja Abu Yusuf Chishti Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, who was succeeded by Khwaja Qutubuddin Maudud Chishti Rahmatullahi ‘alayh.  These five Shaikhs are known as the pillars of Silsila Chishtiya and are buried at Chist.

Silsila Ajamiya:

It is named after Khwaja Habib Ajami Rahmatullahi ‘alayh who was the Khalifa of Shaikh Imam Hasan Rahmatullahi ‘alayh  of Basra.

Silsila Taifuriya:

It is named after Shaikh Sultan-al-Arifin, Khwaja Abu Yazid Bistami Rahmatullahi ‘alayh whose original name was Taifur. It is stated in Tazkarat-ul-Awliya by Shaikh Fariduddin Attar Rahmatullahi ‘alayh that Shaikh Abu Yazid Rahmatullahi ‘alayh received spiritual Faizan from a hundred and sixteen Shaikhs and that He lived twelve years with Sayyidina Imam Jafar as-Sadiq Alahis Salam, the sixth Imam of the family of Sayyidinah Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam and received spiritual blessings and benefits. Some are of the opinion that he received inspiration from Sayyidinah Imam Jafar as-Sadiq Alayhis Salam by the way of Uwaisiya (i.e. after the latters demise through spiritual presence). However, both of these methods are recognised by the Spiritualists as effective. It is said that in Lataif Ashrafi that He received Khalafat from Khwaja Habib Ajami Rahmatullahi ‘alayh as well.

Silsila Karkhiya:

It is named after Khwaja Maaruf Karkhi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh who received Khalafat from Sayyidinah Imam Musa Kazim Alayhis Salam, the seventh Imam of the Blessed Family of Sayyidinah Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. He received another robe of Khalafat from Khwaja Daud Taiy Rahmatullahi ‘alayh who was the Khalifa of Shaikh Habib Ajami Rahmatullahi alayh.

Silsila Saqtiya:

The head of this Silsila is Shaikh Khwaja Sari Sakti Rahmatullahi ‘alayh  who was the Khalifa of Shaikh Ma’ruf Kharki Rahmatullahi ‘alayh.

Silsila Junaidiya:

This Silsila is named after khwaja Junaid Rahmatullahi ‘alayh of Baghdad who was a Mureed and Khalifa of Khwaja Sari Saqti Rahmatullahi ‘alayh. These Shaikhs were so great that all the various branches and their offshoots were known after them under seperate names.

Silsila Gazruniya:

Which is known after the name of Khwaja Abu Ishaq Gazruni Rahmatullahi ‘alayh  who was the king of Gazrun. He left his kingdom and became the mureed of Khwaja Abdullah Khafif Rahmatullahi ‘alayh who was the Khalifa of Khwaja Muhammad Roem, the Khalifa of Shaikh Junaid Rahmatullahi ‘alayh of Baghdad who traced his origin with Hazrat Ali Alayhis Salam.

Silsila Tusiya:

The head of this Silsila was Shaikh Ala ud-Din Tusi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, Khalifa of Khwaja Wajhuddin Abu Hafs Rahmatullahi ‘alayh who was connected up with Shaikh Junaid Baghdadi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh  through intermediary Shaikhs. Shaikh Ala ud-Din Tusi was a friend of Shaikhs Najmuddin Kubra Rahmatullahi ‘alayh  of Firdaus.

Shaikh Najmuddin Rahmatullahi ‘alayh was a contemporary of St. Francis of Asisi who undertook the journey to Baghdad to see the former but could not reach there due to some unknown reasons. Shaikh Najmuddin Kubra Rahmatullahi ‘alayh  was a Khalifa of Shaikh Abu Najib Suharwardi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh.

Silsila Suharwardiya:

It is known after Shaikh Zia-ud-Din Najib Suharwardi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh who was a Khalifa of Shaikh Wajhuddin Abu Hafs Rahmatullahi ‘alayh. Shaikh Abu Najib Rahmatullahi ‘alayh received another robe of Khalafat from Shaikh Ahmad al-Urla Rahmatullahi ‘alayh  who traces his origin to Shaikh Junaid Baghdadi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh through five intermediary shaikhs.

Silsila Firdausiya:

The head of this Silsila is Shaikh Najmuddin Kubra Rahmatullahi ‘alayh who was a dignitary of Firdaus and was a Mureed and Khalifa of Shaikh Abu Najib Suharwardi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh. Mawlaanah Jami Rahmatullahi ‘alayh has said in his Nafahat al-Uns that Shaikh Najmuddin Rahmatullahi ‘alayh got another robe of Khalafat from Shaikh Ammar Yasir Rahmatullahi ‘alayh as well. Shaikh Ammar Yasir Rahmatullahi ‘alayh was one of the prominent Khalifas of Shaikh Abu Najib Suharwardi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh who was connected up with Shaikh Junaid Baghdadi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh  through six Shaikhs in-between.

Thus the four Silsilas, Firdausiya, Suharwardiya, Tusiya and Gazruniya, join up with Shaikh Junaid Baghdadi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh who is connected through another link of Tariqat with Imam Ali Raza Alayhis Salam, son of Imam Musa Kazim Alayhis Salam, son of Imam Jafar Sadiq Alayhis Salam, son of son of Imam Baqir Alayhis Salam, son of Imam Zainul Abidin Alayhis Salam, son of Amir ul-Mumineen Sayyidinah Imam Hussein Alayhis Salam, son of Amir ul-Mumineen Sayyidinah Hazrat Ali Alayhis Salam, the fourth Khalifa of Aaqaa e Do Jahan Sayyidinah Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha sallallahu alayhi wasallam. According to a tradition, Amir ul-Mumineen Sayyidinah Imam Hasan Alayhis Salam also comes in these four Silsilas.

From the original above fourteen Silsila-E-Tariqat sprang up forty more branches or offshoots.

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